Autoimmune Month: Myasthenia Gravis (MG)


Photo Credit in References


June has been designated as Autoimmune Month. There are over 100 autoimmune diseases that affect approximately 50 million Americans, 20 percent of the population or one in five people, suffer from autoimmune diseases. With an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is one of the diseases and there are several treatment plans to help manage it.



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The Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America describes MG on their website as:

“Myasthenia gravis (pronounced My-as-theen-ee-a grav-us) comes from the Greek and Latin words meaning "grave muscular weakness." The most common form of MG is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by fluctuating weakness of the voluntary muscle groups. The prevalence of MG in the United States is estimated to be about 20/100,000 population. However, MG is probably under diagnosed and the prevalence may be higher. Myasthenia gravis occurs in all races, both genders, and at any age. MG is not thought to be directly inherited nor is it contagious. It does occasionally occur in more than one member of the same family.”[1]


Common Symptoms of MG listed by the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America include:


· A droopy eyelid

· Blurred or double vision

· There are two types of scleroderma: localized and systemic

o Localized: Affects the skin on the face, hands and feet

o Systemic: Affects the blood vessels and internal organs

· Difficulty chewing or swallowing

· Weakness in the arms or legs

· Chronic muscle fatigue

· Difficulty breathing



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Currently, statistics state “20/100,000 population have MG.”[2] However, because the common symptoms can be associated with other issues, it is believed MG is under diagnosed. There is currently no cure for MG but treatment has shown improvement for the MG patient. The Myasthenia Foundation of America shares “the outlook for most MG patients is bright.”[3] Yet, each MG patient’s individualized treatment plan should be discussed with their health care provider.


Treatment does improve the outlook for most of those with MG, but research is still important. Through research new medications can be discovered to improve treatment and ultimately, a cure can be found for MG. Research takes money.



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Therefore, the foundation has created MG Walks to raise funds in different cities of the United States. The goal is to raise $900,00. Currently, walks have raised nearly 75% of their goal. Here are two walks in the DMV area:


· 2018 Virginia MG Walk

o Saturday, October 13th, 2018

o South Run Park (Springfield, VA)


· 2018 Maryland MG Walk

o Sunday, October 14th, 2018

o Middle Branch Park (Baltimore, MD)


To find register or find out more information visit: http://www.mgwalk.org/.

To learn more about MG or to enroll in the MG Registry List (list is only for those with MG) visit: http://myasthenia.org/.


REFERENCES:

Reference: What is MG?

Accessed at: http://myasthenia.org/WhatisMG.aspx

Accessed on: June 14, 2018


Reference: Treatment for MG

Accessed at http://myasthenia.org/WhatisMG/TreatmentforMG.aspx

Accessed on June 14, 2018


Reference Photo One: June is Myasthenia Gravis Month Photo

Accessed at https://healthwellmobile.com/2017/06/myasthenia-gravis-awareness-month/

Accessed on June 8, 2018


Reference Photo Two: Myasthenia Gravis (MG) Awareness Month: Let’s Unite for a Cure

Accessed at https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/health-awareness/myasthenia-gravis-awareness-month.html

Accessed on June 14, 2018


Reference Photo Three: MG Infographic

Accessed at http://www.myasthenia.org/WhatisMG.aspx

Accessed on June 14, 2018


Reference Photo Three: MG Walk Fundraising Graphic

Accessed at http://www.mgwalk.org/

Accessed on June 14, 2018


Disclaimer: All information, content, and material of the Cardinal Institute for Health Career’s blog is for informational purposes only and are not intended to serve as a substitute for the consultation, diagnosis, and/or medical treatment of a qualified physician or healthcare provider.

[1] http://myasthenia.org/WhatisMG.aspx


[2] http://myasthenia.org/WhatisMG.aspx


[3] http://myasthenia.org/WhatisMG/TreatmentforMG.aspx

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